We believe that “prevention is better than the cure”. For example, periodontal disease or gum disease is a common dental problem that is easy to avoid. By using Lasers to treat Periodontitis (Gum Disease) we can use them to be as minimally invasive as possible. By using the laser to remove debris and bacteria from between your gums, we can be gentle on your teeth and gum tissue as possible which promotes healing from the Periodontitis. Our Hygienists have taken many continuing education courses in the use of lasers for the treatment of Periodontal Disease.
So what is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is your body’s reaction to bacterial growth and toxins that gradually destroy the tissue surrounding and supporting your teeth. Gum disease begins with plaque, which is always forming on your teeth, without you being aware. When it accumulates to excess levels, it begins to harden into a substance called tartar (calculus) in as little as 24 hours. Tartar accumulates and continues to harden becoming so tightly bound to teeth that it can be removed only during a professional cleaning.
Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease:
Stages of gum disease:
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum tissue. Gums become irritated and swollen due to a plaque or tartar build up along the gum line. The gums may be sore, bleed easily and appear puffy, soft and swollen. No bone structure is lost around the teeth at this stage of gum disease. If oral hygiene habits are poor, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis.
Early and Moderate Periodontitis
Periodontitis begins when persistent inflammation of the gums advances into the deeper underlying structures and bone. At this stage plaque and (sometimes) calculus is found below the gum line. The gums may feel irritated, appear bright red or blue/purple, and bleed easily. The ligaments holding the tooth in its socket break down and the gums pull away from the teeth, resulting in a periodontal pocket or space between the tooth and gum. Regular dental check ups are very important in assessing your periodontal health.
At the advanced stage of periodontitis the gums severely recede (pull away from the tooth); pockets deepen and may fill with pus. There may be swelling around the root and you may experience sensitivity to hot and cold or feel pain when brushing your teeth. This is due to severely receding gums exposing the root surface. As bone loss increases, your teeth may lose so much support they need to be removed to preserve the overall health of your mouth. Check your gums thoroughly and frequently, and go for regular dental checkups to detect early stages of gum disease, when it is easiest to treat.
Deep Pocket Therapy
Lasers can now be used for what is called ‘Deep Pocket Therapy”. This is a condition where bacteria is growing deep at the root of your tooth right inside the bottom of the gum. Inside this deep pocket, your gum tissue is inflamed from the attacking bacteria and surgery would be a traditional option to treat the infected area. Now using Lasers, Dr. Tomimoto can use a minimally invasive procedure to remove the bacteria while being as minimally invasive as possible. By using a special attachment he is able to get the laser right to the root of the problem!
Non-Surgical Laser Periodontal Treatment (Periowave™ )
Our office uses Periowave™ Laser disinfection to treat active pockets. Periowave™ Laser gum treatment is a therapy that can reduce or eliminate the need for traditional pocket reduction surgery. With regular dental treatment and a consistent effort on your part, the progression of gum disease can be stopped and further tissue destruction can be prevented.